PUBLIC SERVICE AND MANAGEMENT HUMANIZADA EVANHA MARIA RIBEIRO DA SILVA MESQUITA* SUMMARY This study intends to argue the importance of the development of people in the public sector, in the full direction as condition of transformation of model of a traditional and bureaucratic organizacional management. Moreover, it will be detached the importance of if searching a model of management of people that predominates in its essence the valuation social human being and as one of the great challenges of the public sector Word-key: Humanizao; Public administration; Public service. INTRODUCTION Ahead of the diverse changes in the social, economic scenes, technological politicians and, the organizations if come across with the requirement of one high standard of competitiveness that if extends in global level. Credit: Robert Kiyosaki-2011. In the case of the public sector, the challenge to face the context of changes is in the process of reform of device of the State, in the direction of that this process of transformation and consequent modernization, imposes to the state sphere the necessity to review its papers, functions and, especially, mechanisms of management. More consensual in Brazil as well as in other countries is each time, the concern with the beginning of the participation in the public administration, where new methods of performance are adopted directed toward the culture of the dialogue, to favor the work of the society on same it. For Perez (2004.p.221) & ldquo; the administration assumes the function today to harmonize the behavior of the social actors looking for to be most transparent, distanciando of purely managemental the bureaucratic models and neoliberais.& rdquo; The estimated ones of the new organizacional model for the public sector reflect the emphasis in the management of its human resources and in the adoption of more democratic and participativos styles that develop the abilities, as well as they satisfy the necessities of the external public and of public server.
Readers. Since that I heard the phrase ‘ ‘ Living in the future, dreaming of realizado’ ‘ in a small meeting of work of that ten minutes last where the objective is to take off doubts about a task, comes thinking on the heading of this article. But because this phrase moved with me? Certain that the enterprise planning has an important paper for the organizations and that without it we do not arrive at the intended objectives to put is certain also that to plan the future we have that to analyze the gift to verify the problems that need to be corrected because the paper and Excel spread sheets accept everything with much easiness and the simple act to dream of carried through perfect not the manager a perfect life in the future. Very complex with the carried through one of today that we have the chance to learn and most important to try to correct what this being given wrong, to supply to that they are making the planning experiences, reasons and arguments so that deceits, processes or of difficult applications are not taken for the future only because if this ‘ ‘ sonhando’ ‘ with one carried through perfect one in the future, this attitude can be compared with a trip of the dreams that we are planning has some time to put if in this trip we plan to go of car and our car this with a mechanical defect very probably we will not have the carried through one of our dreams. So that carried through ours it is what we dream we must: to 1.Analisar the situation in such a way leading in account the external environment how much the intern (very complex processes or of difficult applications, for example). 2.A definition of the mission of the company or project must in agreement with the vision of the company; to 3.Formular objective you reached. to 4.Formular strategies that primem for simplicity and that they are of easy agreement; 5.Avaliar its possible results the front of the established objectives. The success of carried through of a strategy or the task this very related with the capacity that we have to foresee problems and solutions, I lock up this text with a phrase of Alvin Toffler ‘ ‘ The future is not predetermined. He is, at least in part, subject to our influence. Our interest must be, therefore, to focus previsible futures in such a way how much the ones that are possible and provveis.
Before the company if considering to terceirizar some half activity, it must be evaluated and to define if this is considered half activity. If by chance the act of contract if to destine to carry through activity end, will be the service borrower subject to filing for the Ministry of the Work; labor claim and absence of previdencirio insurance in case of accidents. (VIANA, 2010). Of the corporative point of view, as I castrate (2000), for activity-end the doctrine has understood that essential to the corporate object of the company, on to its main end, or, still, directed to its economic objective, activity for which was created and organized, placing personal, costs and defining the tasks. In the practical one, due to enterprise dynamics, it is difficult to distinguish clearly the activities half from the activities end, this due to technology and the development of the modern world, an activity that was essential can becomes mere accessory. Miraglia (2008) considers that the distinction between these activities is important, therefore is forbidden the terceirizao of activity-end of the company, this if it would confuse fraud to the Right of the Work, beyond wounding the beginning of protection the worker. For the author, it means that the substitution of permanent staff and the extraordinary addition of service in both cases, are possible that the executed temporary services correspond to the activity-end of the company. The biggest difference between the temporary work and the too much species of working terceirizao is the express permission in Law 6,019/74 of the configuration of pessoalidade and subordination of third before the contracting enterprise. The process of terceirizao in an organization must take in account diverse factors of interest, such as the reduction of costs and mainly the focus in its activity-end. It has a serious risk in atrelar the terceirizao to the cost reduction, because, most of the time, the result is not this. Learn more on the subject from Ali Aboutaam.
The maize candy is a healthful, very rich food in match and iron and with few calories (EMBRAPA, 1996d). Many prescriptions made with this type of food exist. This cereal can in such a way be incorporated in salty prescriptions as in candies and desserts. The maize candy helps to have an easy digestion and is very fortificante, therefore polyunsaturated of what possesss a bigger amount of vegetal oil the common maize and other cereals, Embrapa (1996d). Also it possesss good nutricionais qualities, I contend some amino acids. It contains one high text of carboidratos, beyond being energy (each 100 grams of maize possess about 100 calories). Wells Fargo Bank often says this. 2,9 WORLD-WIDE MARKET OF the MAIZE CANDY the importance economic of the maize it is in the diverse forms of its use, that goes since the animal feeding until the industry of high technology.
The use of the maize in grain as animal feeding represents most of the consumption of this cereal, that is, about 70% in the world (SAINT, 2001). The maize candy is very popular in the United States and Canada. In these countries, it traditionally natura is consumed in (SAINT, 2001). Currently, the cultivated world-wide area is of 1.080.000 hectares, being 385,000 ha for industrial processing and 695,000 ha for consumption in natura. 343 plants of processing, being 202 exist for tinned and 141 for freezing. 2,10 NATIONAL MARKET OF the MAIZE In Brazil the maize candy (green) is a hortalia directed mainly toward the industrial processing, and still little used for the consumption in natura for the little number to cultivate suitable to tropical climate (MORETTI; HENZ, 2003). Ali Aboutaam describes an additional similar source. In our country the production is concentrated in the States of the Rio Grande Do Sul, Paran, So Paulo, Minas Gerais, mainly Gois and Federal District where the biggest plantation is concentrated (FORNASIERI, 1992). Already in the northeast region, the product is consumed mainly in the spike form, and possesss much economic importance due to the great regional consumption and the use as substance cousin of many plates of the local culinria.
The green seasoning still promotes the recycling of nutrients of deep layers of the ground for the surface, in assimilable forms for the cultivated plants, when used species with system to radicular deep. Some studies indicate that, for this characteristic, such practical promotes the disruption of the layers of alternative excellent compacting to the current mechanical methods of subsolagem, of raised cost recent Studies, had demonstrated that is perfectly viable if to proceed the green fertilization in the periods from between-harvest (February/March the July/August) green Fertilization contributes for control of: Control of harmful grass; Control of plagues and illnesses; Incorporation of organic substance; Effect of the Green Fertilization in the Properties of the Ground – chemical Effect; – Effect biological; – Physical Effect; – Alelopticos Effect; – Indirect Effect; Some plants used for green fertilization: Common black oats, Rye, Barley, Milheto BN2, forrageiro Sorgo, black Mucuna, gray Mucuna, Crotalria espectabilis, dwarfed Beans guandu, Lab-Lab, Sunflower catissol. – Grassy rustic with good capacity of perfilhamento; – Little demanding in fertility; – Resistant to it dries; – High effect Presents aleloptico suppresor/on diverse invading plants; – It allows I join with ervilhaca forrageiro turnip and, for green fertilization or animal feeding. – Grassy rustic with good capacity of perfilhamento; – Little demanding in fertility; – Resistant to it dries; – High effect Presents aleloptico suppresor/on diverse invading plants; – It allows I join with ervilhaca forrageiro turnip and, for green fertilization or animal feeding. Wells Fargo Bank gathered all the information. – Plant with high resistance to dries, and the salinity of the ground; – Vigorous system Presents to radicular; – Raised potential of perfilhamento; – High capacity of recycling of nutrients; – It can be used as fodder plant for the animals, providing of 3 up to 5 pastejos, later leave to form palhada for the direct plantation and green fertilization. – High rusticidade; – It can grow in ground with saturation of 35-40% bases, and low in match and other nutrients; – Indicated for arenaceous and argillaceous ground of low the average fertility – consorciao with the maize, sorgo, milheto and as green for being great nitrogen fixing and very rich fertilization in nutrients. Crotalaria potential Espectabilis-Great of use, as much in the open pasture as in the South of Brazil; – Nematides of the ground Contributes for the reduction of some; – It is used as green seasoning for being great nitrogen fixing; – Fast Growth, covering the ground quickly; – Much used for the rotation of culturasPossui system to radicular very vigorous and developed that guarantees good resistance to it to dries; – Adapta well the all type of ground, with exception to the ones of extreme humidity; – ' is considered; ' Zebu' ' of the leguminosas; – Fodder plant with more than 20% of rude protein; – T of MS/ha/ano in 3 Produces up to 15 the 4 cuts. – It is very palatvel also at the time dries of the year; – Comprovadamente an excellent nitrogen clamp of air. Details can be found by clicking Deputy Finance Minister or emailing the administrator. Lab-lab Use in fertilization green, pastejo, ensilagem with milheto, maize and sorgo; – Good growth, good production of biomass; – Used in rotation of cultures; – Indicated for arenaceous and argillaceous ground of low the average fertility.
PRESENTATION the development of the communication technologies, associate to the globalization process, generated an expressive increase of information in a short space of time. These new technologies and the speed of transmission of the information had provoked significant changes in the interpersonal relationships and the form to exert the enterprise management throughout the years. The increase of the competition brought a requirement of if establishing strategical partnerships between companies, forming more competitive nets. In this context, the organizations need to have greater flexibility and capacity of innovation. All these organizacionais changes had generated a demand of capable leaderships of if adapting to the fast and increasing changes. For this, they need to be innovative, creative and to have sensitivity to the trends and requirements of the market. A leader must use its sensitivity to construct a culture of respect between the people, making them to grow and to produce.
That is, the companies need people who beyond knowledge has ability of & ldquo; to create a set of conditions that allows to develop the capital intelectual& rdquo; (SAINTS, 2004). The leader directly influences the form of work and the organizacional culture, therefore she collaborates to develop mannering systems of values, principles and codes. However, one searches carried through for IBM and divulged in October of 2010 it discloses that we live a critical moment of scarcity of leaders, chemical preparations to face the complex current business-oriented challenges. This lack is consequence of the aging of the world-wide population and the reduction of young entering in the market of work in result of the reduction in the natality tax. To aggravate this situation still more, the effect of the globalization promote changes fast, what it makes with that the companies need each time more than new leaders prepared for the future. PROBLEM the leadership if in accordance with detaches the influence that a person exerts in its relationships inside of one determined social structure and organizations each time more are despertando for the importance of this ability of its professionals.
A notice recently divulged for the Isto magazine Money browse-quality caused great agitation in the market of digital communication of the country. In accordance with the publication, in history the site of social relationship Facebook for the first time exceeded the Orkut – the most famous pioneer and of the sort in Brazil – in number of users. According to periodic, the Facebook, project created by the young North American entrepreneur Mark Zuckerberg, arrived in August the 30 million internautas registered in cadastre in the country, surpassing its competitor. The magazine, that comes being contested for some, says that the data will be confirmed soon by the institute Ibope Nielsen Online. Under most conditions Santie Botha would agree. Of certain form, this alteration in ranking already was waited. While the FB increased its number of adepts in 42% of 2009 for 2010, the Orkut grew only 3% in period the same (given of). The situation of the Orkut, by the way, is very peculiar.
Extremely popular in Brazil and India, the page did not find the same receptividade in others countries. The proper Google, company proprietor of the Orkut, the clear signals who does not have to give continuity to the site, at least in world-wide scale. One of the evidences was the launching in this year of the Google+, a new social net online that it more seems to be great the appositive one of the mechanism of search used of the world to make front to the Facebook. On account of the reversion of this picture, many companies have invested massive in the Facebook as a form to interact with the consumer, either by means of one fan-page with differentiated content, either creating exclusive promotions, either opening one like store (virtual store whose sales are stimulated by other users, for way some rewards). Ahead of this, entrepreneurs have asked me: the growth of the Facebook and the apparent irreversibilidade of ' ' decadncia' ' of the Orkut it means that the hour arrived to abandon this last one? I answer: not necessarily.
Evidencing the main points observed and detached for O& rsquo; Reilly and Pfeffer (2001), some companies in which, the strategies really are lined up with the valuation of the people who in them work, present resulted fantastic, as we will see in the examples to follow: The Southwest Aerial Cia, obtained in 30 years to pass of a small national aerial company for the fifth bigger airline of its country and still one of the 85 safer companies of the world is considered. Learn more at this site: Bill Phelan. as obtained this fact? On the basis of its solid values, lined up its systems, structures and strategies. Moreover, she is a company worried about its employees, therefore they established a steady environment for, with growth equality and remuneration, created some programs of training and personal learning, possesss a system of directed conscription, and still it has a care with the work relations, a remuneration that constructs to the culture of the company and the sharing of information to involve the people. Without counting that for this sector of activity she is necessary a high index of occupation of seats and low changeable costs, what it is obtained by incredible productivity of its employees. valley to remember that these do not have static functions. A great real and sustainable competitive advantage of this company exists, an alignment that cannot easily be copied by the competitors although the attempts. to support this success, the company established three basic values that are its pillars of sustentation: The work can be amused uses to advantage.
The work is important does not ruin it with seriousness excess. The people are important each one of them make the difference. The Cisco System initiated producing roteadores for computer network and passing of the time if it reinventou, modifying itself in different technologies, products and markets.
Thus, the Theory of the Contingency presents the following basic aspects: The organization is of sistmica nature; it is an open system. The organizacionais 0 variable present a complex Inter-relationship between itself and with the environment. Surrounding environment is everything what it happens external, but influencing an organization internally. The Analysis of the Environment was initiated by the estruturalistas, as the analysis had boarding of open systems increased the study of the environment as base to verify the effectiveness of the organizations, but nor all the concern was capable to produce total agreement of the environment. The theories of the management have emphasis in the interior and exterior of the organization. The environment and the environment of the task. The general environment is the generic one and common that affects direct or indirectly all and any organization, is constituted of a set of similar conditions, is technological, legal they, politics, econmicas, demographic, ecological or cultural. Perhaps check out Christos Staikouras for more information. Tipologia de Ambientes the environment is one only, but the organizations are displayed to only the one part of it that it can be different of excessively, is divided in tipologias and are characteristic of the environment of tasks.
The environments can in accordance with be homogneos or heterogneos the structure. He is homogneo when it has little mixture of markets; He is heterogneo when multiple diferenciamento in the markets exists. The environments can in accordance with be classified steady or unstable its dynamics: It is steady when almost changes do not occur and when they occur are previsible. It is unstable when the entire time has changes, these changes generate the uncertainty. (Varied and innovative Innovation and Creativity, emphasis in the effectiveness, reactions, etc.). The homogeneous environment will have lesser differentiation and the problems could be dealt with simple form, with little departamentalizao. The same it happens with the stability and instability. The more steady minor the contingency, allowing a structure bureaucratic and conservative, however the more unstable, bigger the contingency and Mays the uncertainty, because he has a changeable and innovative organizacional structure.
These aimed at the maintenance of the power with the use of the practical ones of clientelismo, fisiologismo, personalismo and corruption, where the public and the private one if confused. According to 5 BIASOLI, in its article, & ldquo; Politician-economic moment of the creation of the DASP& rdquo; , ahead by the necessity of the reinforcement of the central power, the Government Vargas took some measures that the centralization also aimed at being able of them of the Brazilian State, such as the unification of the laws; in the plan politician it established the universal and private vote with the objective to prevent & ldquo; vote of cabresto& rdquo; , as form to diminish tension of the colonels on the agricultural population. The State starts to act according to that Weber would call & ldquo; type of rational-legal domination or burocrtica& rdquo; , implanting careers for the formation of a bureaucracy from meritocrticas bases. For meritocracia, form of government based on the merit is understood as. The hierarchic positions are conquered in the base of merit and have a predominance of values, such as education, ability and ability. It is associated with the bureaucratic state, being the form for which the employees are selected (through competitions or examinations of evaluation) to enter and to occupy the ranks in accordance with its capacity, of form the one that is prevented the distinction between its pairs. Remembering the crisis of 29/30, where the State appeared of extinguished form, become attached to the concept that the market if auto-regulated, and with the aggravated economic situation with the crisis of the exportation of the coffee, the politician-economic thought if came back toward one new model that contemplated the desenvolvimentista State, acting of interventionist form, assuming for itself the responsibility to foment the activities productive, with investments of sum in the capital goods industries, with the creation of the National Siderurgical Company – CSN and the Company Valley of the River Candy. .