The Dove In The Austrian Law

Pigeon Act 1937 as the legal basis of the historical legislator in Austria has very many matters regulated: walnut trees, playgrounds, bicycles, the Salzburg Festival. But the animal world was worth approximately in 1937 the historical legislator special legislative treatment. It recognized the legislature in 1937, the species of pigeons in an own federal law to regulate detail. You could call this law as a reference example in the current administrative reform debate in Austria. The Bundestag regulates State pigeon keeping, the formal legislative organ in the standisch authoritarian State Austria formulated in the years 1934-1938 and decided together with the Austrian Government in 1937 called a private “federal law about breeding, keeping and training of homing pigeons”, short”pigeon”. Thus all objectively related to the pigeons thing matters laid down legally.

This “pigeon Act” comprised a total at least 12 paragraphs. Breed keeping and training of homing pigeons breeding, holding or the training of pigeons was generally allowed only clubs, had set this as a club activity in their constitutions, which received a special permit. Such approval, defined as “Authority” in the pigeon Act, has been granted discretion by the competent authority. Thus, it was stated in this connection expressly that a refusal of such authorization no justification required. Courts – Federal Ministry for defence was the pigeon in 1937 as zivilistiscizes, but defined as a military matter but. As none other than the Federal Minister of defence was responsible for granting or not granting this pigeons permit. The Austrian carrier pigeons so ipso already received a specific military purpose by federal law.

Also existing letter fancier clubs could not evade the authorities. So was for these clubs provided a strong approval by the competent Federal Ministry of defence. As an alternative, a waiver on the activity and change the corresponding statutes was intended for these clubs. Only Club members was the pigeon breeding allows natural persons could be working exclusively as members of a letter pigeon Breeders Association of an additional activity as a breeder, owner or trainer of homing pigeons.