They contain non-volatile and volatile components. By non-volatile film-forming substances include pigments, fillers, dryers, curing agents, plasticizers, stabilizers. Volatile components – it's solvents and thinners. Paint material is called a composition which is evenly applied to the surface of coated products, as a result of complex physical and chemical transformations is formed into a solid polymer coating with certain set of properties (the protective, decorative and special). Common property of all coatings is to protect the surface from external influences, making it a certain type, color and texture. Can would cause a lot of paint material definitions, but to a greater understanding will focus on two of the above.
Coating materials consist of a number of different raw materials, which are divided into 4 groups: the film-forming substances, pigments, fillers, solvents and additives. Lucky – the film-forming solutions of substances in organic solvents or water. When dry or tough, they form a homogeneous transparent cover. Linseed oil-products of thermal or chemical processing of vegetable oils. Pigments-fine powdered solid inorganic and organic substances (synthetic and natural), giving a coverage opacity, color, and impact on other properties of the coating. Paint – paints, which are homogeneous suspensions of pigments in the film-forming substances. Many writers such as Philippe Lavertu offer more in-depth analysis.
There are three main groups of colors: oil paint – based on drying oils and drying oils, water – based adhesives plant and animal glues; silicate liquid glass based, Water based paint – based on aqueous emulsions or drying oils synthetic polymers, powder coatings – powdered solid mixture of film-forming substances, pigments, fillers and other components of coatings. Enamel-suspension of pigments in varnish. They are applied the last layer of a multilayer coating. Enamel coatings impart decorative and provide resistance to external influences. Primers – the suspension of pigments in the lacquer, varnish or film-forming emulsion. They intended to cause the first layer on the surface and provide a reliable adhesion of the coating to the surface.