In addition, can open them new productive options on technological trajectories which, due to its characteristics, may allow them to become more efficient and competitive. Companies, by smaller ones that are, must take environmental protection as a priority, and must promote the sense of responsibility, both at the individual and organizational level, to problems generated on the environment, safety and occupational health. This commitment must transcend the walls of the company, considering the obligation to respond to the concerns and needs of the communities in relation to their activities, as well as collaborate with governmental and non-governmental organizations in the elaboration and refinement of increasingly more adequate legislation to safeguard communities, workplaces and the environment. Within the forums organized by the chairs of problem of the Venezuelan administration, such as managerial topics both in undergraduate and graduate of Faces of the University of Carabobo, commented with insistence, that SMEs must take comprehensive responsibility, i.e., begin by identifying and characterizing the stages of the productive processes that generate hazardous wastes. From there, you should make an effort to reorient production methods in order to minimize its environmental impact.
The development of techniques of recycling, recovery of secondary materials and more efficient use of energy should be sought. In other words: minimize the impact through the introduction of technological and organizational changes that will reduce the generation of waste at the source itself (more efficient processes) or promoting the re-use or recycling. For this reason, the company must implement self-assessment mechanisms clearly established in a regulation (performance measurement), which allows you to monitor your progress in this field. Another important aspect has to do with the implications will be for the image of the firm adherence and compliance with these rules before the community. The principles of Integral responsibility, pose an obligation with the communities, i.e. a social responsibility, which until very recently had been ignored by small enterprises as alien to its participation in the environment. There is no doubt, that to the extent, that organizations recognize its social and environmental commitment they anti-smut depending on quality and competitiveness, by facilitating the penetration to international markets, which increasingly act with greater demand in the field of export and respect for regulations, global implementation, which have been established to regulate the production and marketing of goods and services, based on sustainable development.
In conclusion, there is no doubt that companies at present, especially in a very turbulent scenario facing the country have a responsibility of first order. But also to the State you It is an important role through the formulation of policies of regulation and promotion. The academic sector, specifically the houses of study (universities, its graduate programs), centres of research, etc, should pay more attention to these problems. Finally, as it is very well, the community can, and should, contribute through the clarification of requirements on products and applying pressure to enforce compliance with the rules and safeguard the quality of the environment. Finally, it is that all are integral parts of this process of transformation and search for solutions.